Eastern Europe means the Eastern part of the Europe countries. Lebanon is of particular note for having a nearly even split between Islam and Christianity, being roughly 54% Muslim and 40% Christian and having a Christian as its president. Another word commonly used to refer to the Western countries is the Occident, which is derived from the Latin word “ occidens ,” meaning sunset or west. South of the Mediterranean Sea, the Red and Arabian Seas surround the southern part of the Middle East. Countries along the Persian Gulf include the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, and Iran. The Tajiki dialect of Persian is the official language of Tajikistan, with Russian recognized as a regional language, and Dari is the Persian dialect spoken primarily in Afghanistan. It does not gives us the appropriate and exact area it covers but it is the roughly idea of dividing and recognizing the continent in the East, West, North and South directions. The majority of the Middle East region is characterized by a warm desert climate. By the end, your geography trivia knowledge will be unquestioned! Croatia. With the European colonization of the Americas the East/West distinction became global. The map above is a political map of the world centered on Europe and Africa. Croatia's location on the Adriatic Sea and its long coast are enough reason to travel there - … Learn how to create your own. The term originally had a literal geographic meaning, referring to the eastern part of the Old World, contrasting the cultures and civilizations of Asia with those of Europe (or the Western world). Some examples include the island of Abu Musa in the Persian Gulf, which is administered by Iran by claimed by the United Arab Emirates, the Golan Heights plateau, which was part of Syria until it was occupied and annexed by Israel during the Six-Day War, and the region of Kurdistan, which is officially a part of northern Iraq but also has an autonomous status. The Middle East is a geographical and cultural region located primarily in western Asia, but also in parts of northern Africa and southeastern Europe. There is no standard definition of Western vs Eastern Europe. Note: The Middle East is a loosely defined geographic region; the countries listed are generally considered part of the Middle East. The largest countries in the region are Saudi Arabia (800 thousand square miles or 2.1 million square kilometers), Iran (580 thousand square miles or 1.5 million square kilometers), Egypt (384 thousand square miles or 995 thousand square kilometers), and Pakistan (340 thousand square miles or 881 thousand square kilometers). Among Israel’s Jewish population, roughly 66% are Secular, 26.5% Orthodox, 3.2% Conservative, and 3.9% Reform. Israel is the only country in the world to have Hebrew as a national language, but there are actually two official languages in the country: Hebrew and Arabic. The Middle East is also the origin point for many of the religions and belief systems which help define modern civilizations today. Armenian, Azerbaijani, and Georgian are the sole official languages for their respective countries. The Middle East is also the heart of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, which are three of the world’s major religions. These Middle East countries are part of the Asian continent, with the exception of Egypt, which is part of Africa, and the northwestern part of Turkey (colored orange), which is part of the European landmass. If you want to practice offline, download our printable maps of Europe in pdf format. Indeed, out of the entire global Muslim population only roughly 20% live within the Middle East. It also shares a maritime border with Sweden. The most populous countries in the Middle East include Pakistan (~193 million), Egypt (~90.6 million), Iran (~79 million), and Turkey (~78.7 million), while the least populated countries are Cyprus (~1.1 million), Bahrain (~1.4 million), Qatar (~2.4 million), and Armenia (~3 million). Map of Central Europe. Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Barnes & Noble, Inc. Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia, all located just northeast of Turkey, are at times associated with the Middle East, Europe, Asia, or as their own separate region. Save time by using Keyboard Shortcuts. Both Afghanistan and Pakistan border Iran to the east, but Pakistan’s shared history with India causes it to sometimes be seen as part of South Asia instead of the Middle East. East Asia: countries quiz. [9][10] This concept is even more debatable due to the fact that common parlance links the "Asian identity" to the people of South and East Asia and exclude regions of Western Asia, which do not typically consider themselves part of the Eastern world; such areas include the Arab nations, Israel, Turkey and Iran.[11]. This quiz was created to evenly split Europe to make it easier to study, and the countries that are included were based on a teacher request. Shia Islam specifically is the official religion of Iran, which is the country with the highest percentage of its adherents in the world (90-96%) and with its largest global population (30-35%). The countries that have Shia majorities in the Middle East are Bahrain, Iraq, and Iran. Sushi has become prevalent even among westerners. Representing a round earth on a flat map requires some distortion of the geographic features no matter how the map is done. Turkish is the third-most popular language in the Middle East. Eastern world, also known as the East or the Orient, is an umbrella term for various cultures or social structures, nations and philosophical systems, which vary depending on the context. New militant terrorist organizations have also taken hold in the region in recent years, most notably the Taliban in Afghanistan; al-Qaeda, which had orchestrated the September 11 attacks; and the Islamic State (IS), also known as ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria), ISIL (Islamic State of Syria and the Levant), or Daesh, which has proclaimed its own state and caliphate with the intent of forcibly implementing its own interpretation of Islam and Sharia law. American Anthropologist 100(3)651 -660. Map of Europe Political map of Europe showing Member States of the European Union (EU) and EFTA, with major cities and capitals. Egypt in Africa also borders the Mediterranean and is sometimes considered as part of the Middle East, while Turkey and Cyprus literally connect Europe to Asia and oscillate between being called European and Middle Eastern. The famous Suez Canal and Gulf of Suez run between Egypt’s African territory and its Sinai region bordering Israel in Asia, while the equally renowned Nile River flows from the Mediterranean Sea through Egypt and well into the African continent. The continent of Europe can be divided into two regions as the western and eastern Europe. The Western Wall and Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem. Despite the historical rise and prominence of Islam in the Middle East, the many belief systems which originated in the region allow it to maintain a highly diverse religious makeup today. The Monastery of St. Matthew, located atop Mount Alfaf in northern Iraq, is recognized as one of the oldest Christian monasteries in existence. Yale University. Europe Map. The Western countries refer to countries mainly in Europe, the Americas, and Australasia. Macao has East Asia's smallest population, but it is the most densely populated territory on Earth. 2001. Europe Map of National Dishes. Armenian khash (or pacha), which is also commonly eaten by Assyrians, Arabs and Kurds. Europe: Countries Printables - Map Quiz Game: From Portugal to Russia, and from Cyprus to Norway, there are a lot of countries to keep straight in Europe. Eastern Europe, with its mosaic of countries, nations, languages, and ethnicity may seem overwhelming for an out of the area tourist. Troy, now in ruins, stood at the entrance to the Strait of Dardanelles, called Hellespont, by the ancient Greeks. That circle is referenced by two Meridians. It shows the location of most of the world's countries and includes their names where space allows. Barbara, Koening A. Europe: Countries Printables - Map Quiz Game: From Portugal to Russia, and from Cyprus to Norway, there are a lot of countries to keep straight in Europe. The various regions included in the term are varied, hard to generalize, and do not have a single shared common heritage, as is frequently claimed for the Western world. ; Eastern Europe population is equivalent to 3.76% of the total world population. Bosnia and Herzegovina Travel Map - Buy Direct. The Ottoman Empire controlled much of the Middle East for several centuries, though there were competing powers such as the Persian Safavids and the growing colonial powers Britain, France, and Russia. It is often seen as a counterpart to the Western world, and correlates strong… [3] Other than Asia and some parts of Africa, Europe has successfully absorbed almost all of the societies of Oceania, and the Americas into the Western world,[4][5] Turkey, the Philippines and Israel, which are geographically located in the Eastern world, are considered at least partially westernized due to the cultural influence of Europe.[6][7][8]. Here we have a new map of Easter Europe. The Middle East: Countries - Map Quiz Game: Qatar and the United Arab Emirates have some of the highest per capita incomes in the world. Uzbek, a Central Asian Turkic language, is the official language of Uzbekistan, with Russian and Karakalpak (also a Turkic language) recognized as regional languages. A map showing countries considered to be part of East Asia. Persian is the second-most spoken language in the Middle East, and it has specific dialects in the region. This being said, Islam is still dominant and is the official state religion in most countries of the region. From Iceland to Greece and everything in between, this geography study aid will get you up to speed in no time, while also being fun. The division between 'East' and 'West', formerly referred to as Orient and Occident, is a product of European cultural history and of the distinction between European Christendom and the cultures beyond it to the East. The western border of the Middle East is defined by the Mediterranean Sea, where Israel, Lebanon, and Syria rest opposite from Greece and Italy in Europe. The Ottoman Empire was dismantled during the course of World War I, resulting in a vacuum of power in the Middle East in which the British and French occupied further stretches of territory up until the end of World War II, where after a series of conflicts both European powers began to retreat from the region. It most often includes at least part of Asia or, geographically, the countries and cultures east of Europe, the Mediterranean region and Arab world, specifically in historical (pre-modern) contexts, and in modern times in the context of Orientalism. Reference. A great circle divides the Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. Asian cultures often have strong traits of nationalism and ethnic individualism, but the presence of many different cultures, environments, economics, historical ties and government systems often results in cultural identities specific to individual nations and ethnic groups, not inclusive of the rest of the continent. East Asia is the most populous region in the world. This free map quiz will help familiarize you with places off-the-radar places like Moldova, Slovakia, and Belarus. The Status of the Race Concept in Physical Anthropology. Fill in the map by clicking each highlighted country. People of Asia may prefer not to identify with their continent or region, but rather with their specific nation or cultural group. The countries in Red above make up what is known as Eastern Europe. There are approximately 1,957,200 Latvians within the country’s 24,938 square miles’ territory. West, while the Central Asian nations of the former Soviet Union, even with significant western influence, are grouped in the East. This Europe map quiz game has got you covered. Neolithic humans here made their first transitions from nomadic to agricultural lifestyles by inventing the wheel, basic agriculture, and the beginnings of the written word roughly 12,000 years ago. That circle is referenced by two Meridians. The Encirclement of Berlin, 1945. Iraq has two official languages, with Arabic spoken by the majority of its population and Kurdish spoken by in the autonomous Kurdistan region. This is mostly based on the Cold War. It most often includes at least part of Asia or, geographically, the countries and cultures east of Europe, the Mediterranean region and Arab world, specifically in historical (pre-modern) contexts, and in modern times in the context of Orientalism. Since it is such a pivotal place, knowing its geography is an important part of any educational curriculum. Eastern world refers to nations in the Asia and Middle East. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. Northern Cyprus declared its independence in 1983 but is only recognized as a sovereign state within the UN by Turkey, with every other member considering it as simply part of Cyprus. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. Political Map of Eastern Europe . World Map 2020. Physical Map of Europe. Learn how to create your own. Although the concept of a unified Asian race does exist, its legitimacy is dubious, given how many different countries and cultures Asia comprises. Eastern Europe: Countries - Map Quiz Game: In the past it was on the other side of the Iron Curtain, and is therefore less known than its higher profile neighbors to the west. Note: Map of 2002. There are numerous definitions of what constitutes the Western world that are closely related. Traditionally, this includes all of East and Southeast Asia, the Greater Middle East, Central Asia, and South Asia (Afghanistan and the Indian subcontinent). Europe Map 2018. Aside from official and national languages, there are also a wide variety of minority languages which are a product of the diverse cultures, patterns of migration, and economic activities of the Middle East. Palestine, which is made up of the Gaza Strip and West Bank regions in and around Israel, declared its independence in 1988 and is currently recognized as independent by 134 countries, though it is not an official member of the United Nations and is not considered to be its own countries by every G-8 nation except Russia. Post Codes Germany. The most common form of Persian is Farsi, which is the sole official language of Iran and is spoken by the vast majority of the population there. Some borders within the Middle East are similarly difficult to define as a result of territorial disputes between countries within the region. Map of Western Europe. Rail Europe. Several Middle Eastern nations also have their own languages specific to their country. The map above is a political map of the world centered on Europe and Africa. Indeed, the Rub ‘al-Khali, or Empty Quarter, at the center of the Arabian Desert is the largest sand-only desert on the planet and receives as little as 1.2 inches (30 millimeters) of rainfall per year. Turkmen, another Turkic language from Central Asia, is the sole official language of Turkmenistan, though Russian has some limited recognition. The Prime Meridian is the line of longitude at which longitude is defined to be 0°.. All countries located to the east of the Prime Meridian (0° longitude) are in the Eastern Hemisphere, while countries west of the Prime Meridian (0° longitude) are in the Western Hemisphere. Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and Oman border these waters, with Iraq and Jordan connecting them to the western part of the region. Some important ones are: Kebabs are a popular cuisine among Middle Easterners. It is the sole official language in Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. This map was created by a user. The concept of an Eastern, "Indian" (Indies) or "Oriental" sphere was emphasized by ideas of racial as well as religious and cultural differences. The Republic of Latvia is a Baltic state bordering Estonia, Lithuania, Belarus, and Russia. It covers all the countries that lie in the eastern part of Europe. The Middle East is often referred to as the “Cradle of Civilization,” and a brief look at the region’s history clearly explains why this is true. It shares the Mediterranean Sea with Africa and Europe and the Black and Caspian Seas with Eastern Europe. Color drenched Gopis during the Holi celebrations in Krishna Temple, Mathura. The region is also the birthplace of Islam, as the Prophet Muhammad was born in Mecca (now the capital of Saudi Arabia) in around AD 570. This is a list of countries by easternmost point on land (dependent territories included).. The smallest countries in the Middle East are Bahrain (295 square miles or 765 square kilometers), Cyprus (3,568 square miles or 9,241 square kilometers), Lebanon (3,950 square miles or 10.2 thousand square kilometers), and Qatar (4,473 square miles or 11.6 thousand square kilometers). Ancient Sumer was the first civilization on Earth, and produced the oldest known piece of literature, the Epic of Gilgamesh, which is now over 4000 years old. This resource is great for an in-class quiz or as a study aid. The Middle East is a geographical and cultural region located primarily in western Asia, but also in parts of northern Africa and southeastern Europe. Areas of the Middle East surrounding the Mediterranean, such as Israel and Lebanon, instead boast a warm Mediterranean climate similar to parts of Greece and Italy, while Turkey’s territory stretches over a variety of arid and continental climate. Map of Eastern Europe. There are numerous definitions of what constitutes the Western world that are closely related. Eastern culture has developed many themes and traditions. Eastern Europe means the Eastern part of the Europe countries. If you wish to alter the questions in this quiz, you can create a custom quiz of Asia. Egypt in Africa also borders the Mediterranean and is sometimes considered as part of the Middle East, while Turkey and Cyprus literall… If you want to practice offline, download our printable maps of Europe in pdf format. The western border of the Middle East is defined by the Mediterranean Sea, where Israel, Lebanon, and Syria rest opposite from Greece and Italy in Europe. Eastern Europe: Countries - Map Quiz Game: In the past it was on the other side of the Iron Curtain, and is therefore less known than its higher profile neighbors to the west. Between these two regions, a myriad of differences can be viewed regarding the geographical location, culture, economy, etc. [1] It is often seen as a counterpart to the Western world, and correlates strongly to the southern half of the North–South divide. Stretching the definition of the Middle East to include its widest borders as per the parameters outlined earlier, the population of the region rests at around 690 million people. These spoken languages include (but are not limited to) Berber, Circassian, English, French, Gagauz, Hindi, Romani, Russian, Somali, and several Modern Aramaic dialects. The Prime Meridian is the line of longitude at which longitude is defined to be 0°.. All countries located to the east of the Prime Meridian (0° longitude) are in the Eastern Hemisphere, while countries west of the Prime Meridian (0° longitude) are in the Western Hemisphere. Ramoji Film City located in Hyderabad, holds the Guinness World Record for the World's largest film studio. East Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent and includes China, Japan, Mongolia, North Korea and South Korea and Taiwan. East Asia is the most populous region in the world. For example, "Asian and Indian people" are referred to in the New Zealand Heart Foundation's, "Fifty Years On, Turkey Still Pines to Become European", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eastern_world&oldid=992736338, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 20:57. Continue to 4 of 23 below. Latvia restored … Orthodox Christianity is the most prominent Christian denomination in the Middle East, with several major groups including the Armenian, Coptic, and Greek Orthodox churches. Cartmill, M. (1999). Map of Eastern Europe. There are "almost as many definitions of Eastern Europe as there are scholars of the region". 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